Microsoft word - echinacea cheyenne spirit 13060 rev1112.doc

Approximate seed count (raw): 7,400 to 7,600 Soil temperature: 71 to 73°F (21 to 22°C)
Light: Up to 2,500 f.c. (26,900 Lux)
Moisture: Reduce soil moisture slightly (level 3
Key flowering facts:
to 4) to allow the roots to penetrate into the • Vernalization: not required but beneficial as Fertilizer: Apply fertilizer at rate 1 (less than 100
flowering will occur 2 to 3 weeks earlier ppm N/less than 0.7 mS/cm EC) from nitrate- Soil temperature: 68 to 70°F (20 to 21°C)
o Sown in January as Spring production, will Light: Up to 2,500 f.c. (26,900 Lux)
flower naturally in middle to late June. Moisture: Allow media to dry further until the
surface becomes light brown (level 2) before overwinter production, will flower late May watering. Keep the moisture level to wet-dry o Plants from overwinter production will Fertilizer: Same as Stage 2.
flower slightly earlier than Spring-sown Growth regulators: Generally not needed
Soil temperature: 65 to 67°F (18 to 19°C)
Plug Production
Light: Up to 5,000 f.c. (53,800 Lux) if
Use a well-drained, disease-free, soilless media Moisture: Same as Stage 3.
with a pH of 5.8 to 6.2 and a medium initial Fertilizer: Same as Stage 2.
‘Cheyenne Spirit’ is a short day-long day plant. Sow 1 seed per cell in 288 or larger plug tray. In Therefore, best flowering occurs either with Europe, 264-cell trays can be used. Covering short day then long day conditions or a constant Stage 1 – Germination begins at Day 4 to 5
In short day-long day conditions, short day (9 to 10 hours) can be provided either in the large Soil temperature
plug/liner stage after 2 true leaves or can be • Maximum and fastest germination occurs at provided post-transplant. The duration of the • At 68°F/20°C, maximum germination is achievable; however, it is not as rapid as at In conditions where short days cannot be 77°F/25°C and requires 3 to 5 additional days • Slower, less synchronized and more uneven germination is possible at temperatures below • Temperatures of, or exceeding, 86°F/30°C Light: Optional.
Moisture: Keep soil wet (level 4) during
Humidity: Maintain 95%+ relative humidity (RH)
until radicles emerge.
Growing On to Finish
Growth Regulators
Container Size
For height control: Echinacea is responsive to
1801 or 304 tray: 1 plug per cell
tank mix of B-Nine/Alar (daminozide) 2,500 ppm 4.5-in. (11-cm) square/quart pots: 1 plug per
(3.0 g/l 85% formulation or 4.0 g/l of 64% formulation) mixed with Cycocel (chlormequat) 6-in. (15-cm) or gallon (18-cm) pots: 1 plug
500-750 ppm (4.2-6.4 ml/l 11.8% formulation or application can be applied at the point when stem starts elongation, about 4 weeks after Use a well-drained, disease-free, soilless media transplant. If necessary, repeat the application 2 with a pH of 5.5 to 6.2 and a medium initial Optional PGR treatments: 1 to 2 applications
recommended for better drainage purpose to of B-Nine at 3,500 to 5, 000 ppm (4.1 to 5.9 g/l protect plants from root rot due to too wet. 85% formulation or 5.8 to 7.8 g/l of 64% formulation) or Sumagic (uniconazole) at 20 Temperature
ppm (36.4 ml/l 0.055% formulation) spray also Nights: 50 to 60°F (10 to 15°C)
Days: 60 to 75°F (15 to 24°C)
Note: To keep plant growing, keep daily
height to be less uniform. It is recommended average temperature above 55°F (13°C). using lower rate with multiple applications. In northern Europe conditions: 3,200 ppm B-
Nine/Alar (3.8 g/l 85% formulation or 5.0 g/l of
Maintain light levels as high as possible while Pinching
Maintain media moisture. Avoid both excessive For overwinter production, keep plants on the Crop Scheduling
dry side during cold period as overwatering Sow to transplant (288 cell plug): 5 to 6 weeks
could result in plant loss from root rots. Transplant to flower: 13 to 17 weeks
Under proper daylength and temperature range Apply fertilizer at rate 3 (175 to 225 ppm N/1.2 to 1.5 mS/cm) using predominately nitrate-form Total crop time: 18 to 23 weeks
potassium. Maintain the media EC at 1.5 to 2.0 Under proper daylength and temperature range For constant fertilizer program, can apply Common Problems
fertilizer at rate 2 (100 to 175 ppm N or 0.7 to Insect: Aphid, Fungus gnat, etc.
Disease: Powdery mildew
Garden and Landscape Information
• ‘Cheyenne’ Spirit is first-year-flowering
perennial in USDA Hardiness Zones 4 to 10. • Plant in full sun after all danger of frost has • Space plants at 10 to 14 in. (25 to 36 cm) • After plants are established, ‘Cheyenne • Garden height at 18 to 24 in. (46 to 61 cm) tall and a spread of 10 to 16 in. (25 to 41 cm) in the first year.
Note: Growers should use the information
presented here as a starting point. Crop times
will vary depending on the climate, location, time
of year, and greenhouse environmental
conditions. Chemical and PGR
recommendations are only guidelines. It is the
responsibility of the applicator to read and follow
all the current label directions for the specific
chemical being used in accordance with all
2012 Ball Horticultural Company 13060 REV 11/12 ™ denotes a trademark of and ® denotes a registered trademark of Ball Horticultural Company in the U.S. It may also be registered in other countries.



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