Lok Adalats for Speedy Justice
What is Lok Adalat?
effective remedy could be given one to be decided by the Lok
to the litigants. The institution of Adalat. The court shall do it only
enacted the Legal Lok Adalat in India, as the very when the parties agree to it. One
Services Authorities Act in 1987 name suggests, means People’s of the parties has to make an
and one of the aims of this Act Court. ‘Lok’ means ‘people’ and application to the Court to refer
was to organize Lok Adalat to ‘Adalat’ means ‘court’.
What is the main objective of
settlement of the case. Once the
system promotes justice on the Lok Adalat ?
The advent of Legal Services it shall proceed to dispose of
has been gathered from system Authorities Act, 1987 gave a the case and try to arrive at
of Panchayats which has roots statutory status to Lok Adalats a compromise or settlement
in the history and culture of our pursuant to the Constitutional between the parties.
nation. The provisions of the Act mandate in Article 39-A of What should the Lok Adalat
based on indigenous concept are the Constitution of India. The do when the case is not settled
meant to supplement the court main objective is the resolution before it?
system. The Act is an attempt to of people’s disputes which Then it shall return the record
decongest the Courts from heavy are pending in the courts of the case to the Court from
through discussion, counseling, which the reference has been
Speedy justice is citizens’ persuasion and conciliation. received for disposal as per law.
right. Cases in various courts It results in speedy and cheap
What are the powers of Lok
are increasing day by day at an dispensation of justice with Adalat?
alarming rate. Huge backlogs are mutual and free consent of the
getting accumulated. Therefore, parties. It is a participatory It has the power to summon
it is taking long time for parties system. The main benefits are: and enforce the attendance of
to get justice. Sometimes the it can provide justice without any witnesses and examine
maxim “Justice delayed is justice much delay and cost to the poor; him/her on oath, to seize and
denied” is found true. Then the it can bring about reconciliation production of any document, to
litigants lose faith in the efficacy and peace among the parties; it accept evidence on affidavits, to
of law and effectiveness of the saves their time; and it frees them requisite any public record or
Who is empowered to
or document from any court
Government has established organize Lok Adalats?
The Taluk Legal Services The decision (award) of the
Legal Services Authorities Act, Committee, the District
which is a speedy alternative Authority, the High Court and as a decree of a civil court. It is
dispute resolution forum in all the Supreme Court.
When shall the court refer the
to the dispute. There can be no
speedy disposal of the cases in matter to Lok Adalat?
A court shall refer the matter Lok Adalat.
the heavy pressure on judicial to the Lok Adalat when it is
(The writer is an advocate in Supreme
time would be reduced and satisfied that the case is a fit Court. Email: [email protected])
INDIAN CURRENTS • 06 - 12 fEbRUARy 2012 47
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