New Jersey’s Famous Inventors and Innovations
Howard Aiken – Aiken invented the MARK I Computer Jack Avins – invented the industry standard FM detector for radio and television resources. John Bardeen, William Shockley, Walter Brattain – This trio invented the transistor and eventually would go on to receive the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics. Donald L. Campbell, Homer Z. Martin, Eger V. Murphree, Charles W. Tyson – These four men developed the fluid catalytic cracking process which is integral to the production of gasoline. The process produces more than 500 million gallons of gasoline each day. Willis Haviland Carrier – Carrier invented an air treatment device that is the predecessor of modern air conditioning. Marc A. Chavannes and Alfred W. Fielding – Chavannes and Fielding created bubble wrap. Lloyd H. Conover – Conover created the antibiotic Tetracycline. Richard Dehmel – Dehmel invented the Dehmel Flight Trainer/Simulator which is used by the military and commercial airlines in for training purposes. George deStevens – deStevens created Hydrochlorothiazide which was the most widely prescribed hypertension drug in the world due to its ability to control high blood pressure. Andrew G. F. Dingwall – Dingwall made significant contributions to CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) integrated circuits technology and aided in its commercialization. It is now a worldwide multi-billion dollar technology which helped to create personal computers, digital watches, digital controls, and digital tvs. Allen B. DuMont – DuMont is the inventor of the “Magic Eye” cathode-ray tube (used as a visual tuning aid in radio receivers). DuMont’s laboratories also participated in the Manhattan Project. James L. Flanagan – Flanagan is the 1996 recipient of the National Medal of Science, the nation’s highest scientific award. Flanagan is noted for making technological advancements in speech synthesizers. Charles J. Fletcher – Fletcher designed a vehicle that would rise above the water or terrain. Abdul Gaffar – Gaffar invented Colgate total in 1998. Colgate total was the first antibacterial toothpaste. Martin Goetz – Goetz, the “Father of the Software Industry”, holds the first software patent for developing and marketing Autoflow in 1968. Autoflow was the first commercial software product and was patented in 1970. Haig Kafafian – Kafafian invented handicapped communications devices such as reconfigured keyboards with 14 keys. Simon Lake – Lake is credited with the development of technologies which later lead to the creation of submarines. Jerome Lemelson – Lemelson holds more patents than any other living American, more than 450, for things such as portable telephones, cassette tape players drive mechanisms, and video terminal systems in computers. One of his patents helped make a computer-controlled system that measures the dimensions of the tiles on the Space Shuttle and Sony even used his audio cassette patents to manufacture its Walkman. Robert W. Lucky – Lucky is the 1987 recipient of the Marconi Prize for his contributions to data communications. Arthur Nobile – Nobile created two antiarthritis drugs that are among the most popular and extensively used today. Harry F. Olson – Olson is known for his contributions to the fields of acoustics and electronic sound recording, such as the velocity microphone (the standard in broadcasting) and underwater sound equipment. Arthur Patchett – Patchett was part of the research team that developed Enalapril, an antihypersensitive drug, and Mevacor, a drug used for lowering cholesterol. Les Paul – Synonymous with the electric guitar and rock and roll, Paul developed the solid- body electric guitar and the world’s first multiple track tape recorder. Richard H. Ranger – Ranger invented the wireless photodiogram, which was the predecessor of the present day fax machine. Dennis Ritchie and Kenneth Thompson – This pair developed the Unix Operating System. John Augustus Roebling – Roebling designed the Brooklyn bridge, but is also know for inventing twisted wire rope. Arthur Schawlow and Charles Townes – Schawlow and Townes invented the laser. John Standard – Standard improved the refrigerator. Leo H. Sternbach – Sternbach created the anti-anxiety drugs Librium and Valium, the hypnotic drug Dalmane, and the anticonvulsant Klonopin. Selman Waksman – Waksman discovered the antibiotic streptomycin which attacks bacteria that other antibiotics such as penicillin were ineffective. Waksman won the 1952 Novel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. Charles Frederick Wallace – Wallace invented the “chlorinator” which provided the first practical and effective means for the controlled feeding of chlorine gas to sterilize drinking water. Roy Weber – Weber developed the Intelligent Network Services for AT&T Bell laboratories which later produced things such as the 800 number and calling cards. Alan White – invented the first visible light laser (Helium-Neon Gas Laser) – the red laser which is used in supermarkets today in addition to operations for security systems, rockets, missiles, planes, and satellite guides. Richard Williams – Williams developed liquid crystal displays (LCDs). N. Joseph Woodland – Woodland is the inventor of the bar code and the bar code reader, which are both integral to efficient business operations today. Harry L. Yale – Yale developed the anti-tuberculosis compound Isoniazid. Yale received the 1953 Lasker Award in Public Health for his creation. Yale also played a major role in the development of the antipsychotic drugs Vesperin and Prolixin, and the diuretic Naturetin Vladimir Zworykin – Zworykin invented the kinescope and iconoscope; both aided in the advent of television.
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