British Veterinary Camelid Society Proceedings of 2007 conferenceCamelid drug formulary
CAUTION!!! No drugs are licensed for use in camelids in the UK. All drugs are used off label and the owners should be advised as such. The drug
dosages listed have been used by Claire Whitehead or those known to her. The RVC accepts no responsibility for the accuracy, efficacy, or safety
of any of these drugs, their dosages or routes of administration, or for any adverse reactions that may result from their use. These drugs must be
prescribed by a vet. [Adapted from conference notes for the Camelid Vet Conference at The Ohio State University, 2006.]
Trade name Dosage/route Comments
Useful as anxiolytic, for milk letdown, and urethral
Do not use in pregnant animals: has produced
Indications: arthritis, prostatitis, cystitis
Premie protocol: 2mg/kg q4 for 24 hours, then q6
next 24 hours, then q8 next 24 hours.
Anti-diar hoeal agent, also adsorbs toxins
Pain relief, appetite stimulation at low doses
Can be mixed into feed at feed mil . For prevention of
0.05-0.1mg/kg SC, IM, IV USE CAUTION in camelids. Single dose okay,
multidosing leads to liver problems. Prefer shorter-
For coccidiosis (sheep dose) = 1ml per 2.5kg BW
Do not use if estrumate is available (can cause death)
British Veterinary Camelid Society
5 mg/kg SC q24 hours10 mg/kg PO q24 hours
Give for three to five days for tx of nematodirus/
Care in dehydration. Oral paste is not absorbed.
To reduce lipaemia. One to three doses 12 hours apart
Monitor glucose concentrations when using. Cumulative effect can result in acute hypoglycaemia
Oral and pour-on formulations are not absorbed.
Use 1 - 2ml for epidural anaesthesia (alpaca-l ama)
Useful for Mycoplasma haemolamae, listeriosis…
May cause colic at higher doses. For milk letdown, to
Reconstitute 3g vial (5,000,000 IU) with 10ml water
Half-life in llamas is <2 hours – not useful
Prednisolone sodium succinate – potent short-acting
May kill <50% of those in which it is used
British Veterinary Camelid Society Proceedings of 2007 conference
2 - 4mg/kg IV (slow!) or Reversal agent for xylazine.
Caution using IV – cardiac asystole.
Kil s all stages of liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica)
Caution against IV use – has caused acute death. Not
absorbed sufficiently if given oral y: useful in nursing
crias <45 days old (pre-ruminating).
1000-2000 IU/kg BW SC Injectable product available through Interchem Ireland
Ltd (get import license from VMD). For prevention of rickets, use Nov + Feb +/- April.
0.2mg/kg IV (Llama)0.3mg/kg IV (Alpaca)0.4mg/kg IM (Llama)0.6mg/kg IM (Alpaca)
Caution on IV use – may cause acute hypotension!
Withold food for 12 - 24 hours prior to induction of
Combine drugs in single syringe and administer IM.
Butorphanol 0.04mg/kg Injectable anaesthesia only for shortish procedures
Alpacas Ketamine 5mg/kg Xylazine 0.5mg/kg Butorphanol 0.05mg/kg Mix 1:1 by volume and administer 1ml per 9 - 19kg
Mixed in a single syringe and given IV only.
Gives about 10-15 mins sedation: better than xylazine
alone for minor procedures that are stimulatory (eg
stitch-up, tear-duct flush, rhinoscopy). Not full GA.
Clin Exp Immunol 1997; 110 :500–508 Circadian rhythm of leucocytes and lymphocyte subsets and its possible correlation with the function of the autonomic nervous system S. SUZUKI*†, S. TOYABE*, T. MORODA†, T. TADA†, A. TSUKAHARA†, T. IIAI†, M. MINAGAWA†,S. MARUYAMA†, K. HATAKEYAMA†, K. ENDOH‡ & T. ABO* * Department of Immunology, † First Department of Surgery,
Join us at our next Read ‘n Share meeting on Thursday February 18th at 7:30 Bring a list of Titles and Authors you have enjoyed and find out what others are reading Read ‘n Share Titles December 17, 2009 Meeting The Five People You Meet in Heaven - Killed in an accident, an elderly man discovers that heaven is having five people explain the meaning of his life.