Home care guide brochure h1n1.pub
Prepare for a Flu Pandemic
Make a plan now for a flu pandemic. Figure out what
What is Pandemic Flu?
you will do if members of your household have to
Home Care Guide
A “pandemic” is a disease that spreads
stay home from work or school or stay separated
For H1N1 Flu
from others for a period of time. Keep extra
supplies of food, water, medications and your disaster
Pandemic Flu Care Giving Supplies
Protecting Yourself, Protecting Others!
Prevent the Spread
of the H1N1 Flu
These healthy habits will help keep you
Surgical Masks (one for each person)
Sugar, baking soda, salt, salt substitute
HEALTH AND HUMAN
Care for a Loved One with the Flu
A person recovering from flu should have:
Medications to relieve flu symptoms
In some cases, a healthcare professional may
prescribe antiviral drugs to treat the flu. Antibiotics
after the fever is gone without using fever reducing medications.
If any questions with these
recommendations, please contact your
Monitor Pandemic Flu Symptoms
Monitor Pandemic Flu Symptoms (cont.)
When a Household Member is Sick
Follow the H1N1 and Seasonal Flu Guidance
The flu virus is spread when contaminated droplets exit
Electrolyte Drink for adults, teens and
Chart. If your symptoms place you in the
the mouth and nose of an infected person and the virus
children over the age of 3
green or yellow guidance, please follow these
comes in contact with others. So, follow these tips to
protect your self and other in your home:
Recontact or call your healthcare
Keep everyone's personal items separate. All
provider if your loved one has:
Fever - Greater than 100.4˚ F or 38˚ C,
computers, pens, papers, clothes, towels, sheets,
Disinfect door knobs, switches, handles, toys, and
other surfaces that are commonly touched around
If drinking liquids makes nausea worse, give one sip
or lung disease, diabetes, HIV, cancer).
at a time until your loved one can drink again.
If your loved one continues not to take fluids, or
cannot retain fluids (continues vomiting and frequent
1 gallon water &
1/4 cup bleach
diarrhea) please seek medical attention.
Fever in a child who is too quiet and
It is okay to wash everyone’s dishes and clothes
together. Use detergent and very hot water.
Wash your hands after contact with or cleaning up
If you cannot reach your healthcare
To help reduce a fever, do the following:
body fluids of a sick person or handling dirty
professional, call 911 or local emergency
laundry that the sick person has had contact with.
number for any of the signs below:
One person should be the caregiver. He or she
Increasing difficulty breathing, blue lips
Give fever-reducing medication, such as
may benefit by wearing a mask when giving care.
Difficulty moving, severe neck stiffness
acetaminophen, aspirin or ibuprofen, as directed on
Please keep the sick person isolated (or away in
Drowsiness, confusion, disorientation, or
the container’s label, or by direction of your
another room) from the others in the home.
Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than
Practice Hand Hygiene
Fever in an infant under 3 months old
18 years old.
Caregivers should always wash their hands before
If fever subsides & then returns
To relieve discomfort, give a sponge bath with luke-
providing care. Afterward wash again and apply alcohol
based hand sanitizer as well. Follow these steps for
Dehydration occurs when the body loses too
Wet hands with warm, running water and apply
much water and it’s not replaced quickly
Rub hands vigorously for at least 15 seconds,
soothing drinks at the first signs of the flu and
covering all surfaces and fingers.
Scrub nails by rubbing them against the palms of
In addition to plenty of liquids, give ice and
light, easily digested foods, such as soup
If your loved one has diarrhea or vomiting,
give fluids that contain electrolytes. These
are available at your pharmacy or grocery
rehydration electrolyte drink for someone
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ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS Lo is E B ren ne m an , M SN , ANP , FN P, C Table 1 - PENICILLINS Natural penicillins - not resistant to beta-lactamase pen icillin G Po tass ium (Pfizer pen , Pen tids) - P O, IM , IVpen icillin G So dium : IM, IVben zathine G p enic illin (B icillin) - IM benzathine penicillin G benzathine and penicillin G procaine (Bicillin CR) IMpenicillin G procaine (W ycilli