New Jersey’s Famous Inventors and Innovations
Howard Aiken –
Aiken invented the MARK I Computer
– invented the industry standard FM detector for radio and television resources.
John Bardeen, William Shockley, Walter Brattain
– This trio invented the transistor and
eventually would go on to receive the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Donald L. Campbell, Homer Z. Martin, Eger V. Murphree, Charles W. Tyson –
four men developed the fluid catalytic cracking process which is integral to the production of
gasoline. The process produces more than 500 million gallons of gasoline each day.
Willis Haviland Carrier –
Carrier invented an air treatment device that is the predecessor of
modern air conditioning.
Marc A. Chavannes and Alfred W. Fielding –
Chavannes and Fielding created bubble
Lloyd H. Conover –
Conover created the antibiotic Tetracycline.
– Dehmel invented the Dehmel Flight Trainer/Simulator which is used by
the military and commercial airlines in for training purposes.
George deStevens –
deStevens created Hydrochlorothiazide which was the most widely
prescribed hypertension drug in the world due to its ability to control high blood pressure.
Andrew G. F. Dingwall –
Dingwall made significant contributions to CMOS
(Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) integrated circuits technology and aided in its
commercialization. It is now a worldwide multi-billion dollar technology which helped to
create personal computers, digital watches, digital controls, and digital tvs.
Allen B. DuMont
– DuMont is the inventor of the “Magic Eye” cathode-ray tube (used as a
visual tuning aid in radio receivers). DuMont’s laboratories also participated in the
James L. Flanagan
– Flanagan is the 1996 recipient of the National Medal of Science, the
nation’s highest scientific award. Flanagan is noted for making technological advancements
in speech synthesizers.
Charles J. Fletcher
– Fletcher designed a vehicle that would rise above the water or terrain.
– Gaffar invented Colgate total in 1998. Colgate total was the first
Martin Goetz –
Goetz, the “Father of the Software Industry”, holds the first software patent
for developing and marketing Autoflow in 1968. Autoflow was the first commercial
software product and was patented in 1970.
Haig Kafafian –
Kafafian invented handicapped communications devices such as
reconfigured keyboards with 14 keys.
Simon Lake –
Lake is credited with the development of technologies which later lead to the
creation of submarines.
– Lemelson holds more patents than any other living American, more
than 450, for things such as portable telephones, cassette tape players drive mechanisms, and
video terminal systems in computers. One of his patents helped make a computer-controlled
system that measures the dimensions of the tiles on the Space Shuttle and Sony even used his
audio cassette patents to manufacture its Walkman.
Robert W. Lucky –
Lucky is the 1987 recipient of the Marconi Prize for his contributions to
– Nobile created two antiarthritis drugs that are among the most popular and
extensively used today.
Harry F. Olson
– Olson is known for his contributions to the fields of acoustics and
electronic sound recording, such as the velocity microphone (the standard in broadcasting)
and underwater sound equipment.
– Patchett was part of the research team that developed Enalapril, an
antihypersensitive drug, and Mevacor, a drug used for lowering cholesterol.
– Synonymous with the electric guitar and rock and roll, Paul developed the solid-
body electric guitar and the world’s first multiple track tape recorder.
Richard H. Ranger –
Ranger invented the wireless photodiogram, which was the
predecessor of the present day fax machine.
Dennis Ritchie and Kenneth Thompson
– This pair developed the Unix Operating System.
John Augustus Roebling
– Roebling designed the Brooklyn bridge, but is also know for
inventing twisted wire rope.
Arthur Schawlow and Charles Townes
– Schawlow and Townes invented the laser.
– Standard improved the refrigerator.
Leo H. Sternbach
– Sternbach created the anti-anxiety drugs Librium and Valium, the
hypnotic drug Dalmane, and the anticonvulsant Klonopin.
Selman Waksman –
Waksman discovered the antibiotic streptomycin which attacks bacteria
that other antibiotics such as penicillin were ineffective. Waksman won the 1952 Novel
Prize in Physiology and Medicine.
Charles Frederick Wallace
– Wallace invented the “chlorinator” which provided the first
practical and effective means for the controlled feeding of chlorine gas to sterilize drinking
– Weber developed the Intelligent Network Services for AT&T Bell laboratories
which later produced things such as the 800 number and calling cards.
– invented the first visible light laser (Helium-Neon Gas Laser) – the red laser
which is used in supermarkets today in addition to operations for security systems, rockets,
missiles, planes, and satellite guides.
Richard Williams –
Williams developed liquid crystal displays (LCDs).
N. Joseph Woodland
– Woodland is the inventor of the bar code and the bar code reader,
which are both integral to efficient business operations today.
Harry L. Yale –
Yale developed the anti-tuberculosis compound Isoniazid. Yale received
the 1953 Lasker Award in Public Health for his creation. Yale also played a major role in the
development of the antipsychotic drugs Vesperin and Prolixin, and the diuretic Naturetin
– Zworykin invented the kinescope and iconoscope; both aided in the
advent of television.
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